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The Effect of Therapeutic Horseback Riding on 5 Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Pilot Study

The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the effects of therapeutic horseback riding on behavior, health-related quality of life, and motor performance in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

 The study employed a time series quasi-experimental design with two pretests and two post-tests conducted 8 weeks apart. The study was conducted at a riding school in Levanger, Norway and sampled of 5 children aged 10–11 years with ADHD. Subjects received a 1-hour therapeutic horseback riding twice a week for 8 weeks as intervention.

 Behavior and health-related quality of life was assessed using Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and The KINDLR –Health-Related Quality of Life Questionnaire, respectively. The Modified Function-Neurological Assessment and the Movement Assessment Battery for Children assessed the subject’s motor performance.

 The results of the present study indicate that therapeutic horseback riding had a positive effect on 5 children with ADHD in several domains of the social role behavior, quality of life, and motor performance. The use of therapeutic horseback riding could, as a result of this present study, be a viable treatment strategy as a part of a multimodal therapy for children with ADHD. The study assumes positive trends in certain domains of behavior, quality of life, and motor performance.

Link: https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/abs/10.1089/acm.2010.0547

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